Redwoods are really cool trees. They are huge—the tallest and biggest trees in the world. It’s amazing that trees so big grow from seeds that are so tiny—100,000 of them would only weigh a pound. Their cones are small, too; they’re no bigger than an inch.
Two types of redwoods live in the United States, the coast redwood and the giant sequoia, and both need our help. Habitat loss due to development and logging continue to threaten redwood forests. The changing climate, with noticeably less fog along the Pacific coast, and increased air pollution in California’s Central Valley and Sierras are also impacting these magnificent trees.
Coast redwoods are native along the Pacific coast, from southern Oregon to central California. Giant sequoias remain only in a few areas within the western Sierra Nevada Mountains.
Coast redwoods need the moist cool air of the Pacific coast to grow, while giant sequoias prefer dry, sunny areas and require forest fires to help open their cones and clear out competing plants.
The trees are named after Sequoyah, a Cherokee scholar that created a written alphabet for his native language.
The dawn redwood is the only other species of redwood and is native to China.
Redwood wood is indeed red, and is very resistant to disease and insects.
Redwood’s unique bark is also red and helps protect the trees from forest fires.
The tallest tree in the world is a coast redwood (the Hyperion) and is 379 feet tall.
Coast redwoods can live over 2000 years.
They can grow over 20 feet wide and nearly 380 feet tall; the Statue of Liberty is only 309 feet tall.
The largest tree in the world is a giant sequoia (the General Sherman), and is thought to weigh over 2.5 million pounds. Sadly, many larger trees were cut down before they could be protected.
Giant sequoias can live over 3000 years.
They can grow over 40 feet wide and 300 feet tall.
Its bark can be 2½ feet thick.